A Vital Resource for Cavan Research is
This is very informative regarding townland names, censuses and local history literaturespecifically related to Cavan County.
CAVAN / PART 1 / 1766 - 1793
Killinkere & Lurgan
Members of different Soden families have been in County Cavan since 1766
when the name first appears in the parish of Killinkere ,near Virginia town
of the marriage of David Soden with Mary Kellett. This was the first of several
marriages between these 2 families in the 18th and 19th centuries ,both
residing in the townlands of Adanagh and Envigaroge. The Envigaroge
Soden family include names like David,Charles,James,Thomas ,all of the Protestant
persuasion and either farmers or business people with substantial property
interests in Killinkere and Cootehill..Here we see that CHARLES SODEN married
Mary Kellett,both of Envigaroge (Envigary). This CHARLES is the direct ancestor of
It is difficult to say with certainty whether Edmond Soden,drapier of Cootehill
is related to the Envigary Sodens or to the Leitrim/Sligo branch. As can be seen
from the Grove notes,he imported brandy from L'Orient,France via Hull,Yorkshire
and Mullaghmore,Sligo to Cootehill ,while Edmond Sodens can be found in both
Sligo and Mohill,Leitrim around this period too. Indeed the landlord ,Hugh Crofton,
had also interests in Yorkshire as well as in Sligo.
In the records for this period,it is hard to establish from which line the Cavan Sodens
of Beaghey and Killinkere derived.As far as I can see at this point in my researches,
the Cavan branches could well have 2 sources,
(1) the descendants of James Honoria and brother,Charles leading directly to Sligo.
The Killinkere Protestant branch deriving from Charles to James of 1800 Envigary
retaining the first names where possible of Charles Henry and
(2) the Beaghey Catholic branch deriving from James/Honoria and linked to the Drung
branch of Patrick giving rise to the families of Patrick,Thomas,Bartle,John/Eoin and
James Sodens in the 1821 Cavan Census. The first Bartholomew is in the Athlone
branch of 1802, which later emigrated to New South Wales,Australia. A number of their
descendants are drawn out at the end of this work.
Spinning Wheel Lists
The Spinning Wheel Lists of 1792 show the presence of another Soden family in neighbouring Drung,PATRICK,and indeed his son and daughter,PAT and HONORA,may well be recorded in the 1821 Census for Drung & Larah. However, the most exciting find was the existence of the 1821 Census for Beaghey and that area. Here we see the direct ancestor of our branch with JAMES SHODEN and his family of 6 and his son, PETER SODEN, and his family of 4. There are also 6 other Soden families in Pottlesoden, 1 in Drung and another in Lattaghlohan. By 1901 more families appear in different townlands like Knocknanoark, Aghadreenagh, Stradone, etc,.. but they seem to be less numerous. We see our family again in 1901, where the mother, CATHERINE, is still alive with 4 boys and 3 girls. The fourth boy, PETER, my grandfather, is working at this time in Fay's Drapery in Cavan town, and listed as PETER SODDEN. PETER SODDEN'S father was dead by 1901 and his mother and some of his family are recorded still in Beaghey in 1911, she under the name of KATE and 73 years of age. The 1901 and 1911 censuses give us very good indications to the presence of Sodens in these areas.
An interesting development in Denn Parish is the formation of a whole townlan
with the name Pottlesoden. This comprised (6?)(4)9 acres and in the 1821 census
consisted of 5 Soden families. A pottle is an ancient Irish land measurement
of about 69 acres. It is here that I as a boy spent so many wonderful Summers
with my Soden cousins Peter,his wife ;Mary, and their son Gerard,who still
reside in this area. This is north of Knockanoark,Stradone where Eugene Soden
and his family live and south of Cavan and Killygarry,where my grandparents,Peter and
Christina , and my aunts ,Josie,Ina and Mary are buried.
The other branches of the family lived south of Cavan town in the parishes
of Denn, Crosserlough and Lavey ,where many still live today, principally
engaged in tillage farming and business. The oldest recorded members of
these Sodens are my gt-gt-gt-gt- grandfather ,James Shoden of Behy ,Lavey
b. c. 1761 and his brother, Eoin Soden,in the neighbouring townland of
Lattaghlohan, Lavey. It is from James's son ,Peter,that our branch and the present
branches in Knockanoark ,Pottle and some parts of Dublin descend
and it is from Pat Soden ,his brother,that the Kansas City Sodens in Missourri
descend ,indeed, also the Jack Soden associated with legal cases of Priscilla Presley.
The Lavey Sodens have played a prominent part in Cavan social and political life
this century with fine participation in both areas by many Sodens amongst whom would
be my grandfather,Peter, and his brother, Patrick of Knockanoark , the recently deceased
Peter Soden of Pottle , Gerard , his son and Eugene Soden of Knockanoark. The sources
attest well to this fact.
The precise connection between the Sligo/Leitrim/Cavan branches has still to be
confirmed though the links by name and landlord point strongly to interchurch marriages
with the resultant change of religion ,often as not to Roman Catholicism, and thus
the drastic diminution in wealth , a fact well proven by the census of 1821 . The
Catholic branch can be seen to have only the minimal acreage to survive on,
reflecting the harsh religious,political division in Ireland at this time.
Yet from this humble background came my grandfather,Peter,
born of poor tenant farmer parents,he served his time to the drapery business in Fays
of Cavan,then Schneiders/Snyders of London,returning to Arnotts of Dublin and
finally taking over Fays shop in Cavan town until 1946, where he developed a thriving
drapery business. This success must be judged by the political,religious and social
background in Ireland in the first half of this century and only then will it be realised
what a great achievement this was.
There are today Soden families in the same parishes of Lavey and Denn in the
townlands of Pottle and Knockanoark with many of their grandchildren like myself
now living and working in Dublin,Britain and many other parts of the world.
Some of these children stayed on the land ,others ,particularly the girls went abroad to America
Both Peter and Patrick remained in Cavan ,though Peter travelled to London and Dublin serving
his time to the drapery business before returning to Cavan town to set up his own drapery business .
He served his time to Fay?s Drapery in Pearse Street,Cavan ,going to Arnotts in Dublin and finallly
to Snyders of London. After a number of years with these two prestigious companies he returned to
Cavan to take over Fay?s in 1930.
During this time he became deeply involved in the local social, political and ecclesiastical life
of the area. He with Patrick was an Urban councillor for a number of years,on the Cavan and Monaghan
Hospital Boards.a member of the Ancient Order of Hibernians and the Stradone Gaelic Athletic Association.
He was a passionate supporter of Clann na Gaedhal and James Dillon.
He married Christina Coyle of Abbeyleix,the daughter of a farmer,in the Pro-Cathedral ,Dublin in 1915.
(Cavan Cathedral,on which building committee Peter Soden was a member)
Both Peggy and Josie became nursing sisters in Dublin, Mary was mentally handicapped but received
a full secondary education from her parents,Christina (Ina) married and lived in England and both Seamus
and Peter worked as commerical representatives in the Wine/Spirit trade.
Peter Soden died in St. Mary?s Hospital,Dublin in 1961 at the age of 83. Christina ,his wife,my grandmother
survived him by 6 years. Both Grandparents had a charm and attraction which earned love and respect from
all their children and the grandchildren always recognising the great achievement that was theirs .
Areas in County Cavan where the Soden name is and has been found:
| CHRONOLOGICAL RECORDS for CAVAN;-
1766 Religious Census of Ireland
1768 Killinkere Parish Registers/ Soden
17 89 Killinkere Marriage
1792 Spinning Wheel List
1800 Administration of James Soden
1802 Swanzy Note
1805 Trinity Alumnus
1811 Land Deed
1813 Cavan Freeholders
1814 Land Deed,Ballyborough
1821 National Census
1822/23 Tithe Applotment Books
1823 Birth of George Soden
1824 Birth of Charles James Soden
1826 National Schools
1826-31 Tithe Applotment Book
1831 Settlement of Charles Henry Soden & Leticia Kellett
Tithe Applotment Book
1832 Birth of (?) Soden
1833 Arms Licence
Tithe Applotment Book
1834 Tithe Applotment Book
1843 Prerogative Will of Edward Soden,Cootehill
1852 LEC Rentals
1856 Griffith's Valuation
1860 Ordination List
1863 Farm Grant
1866 Birth of Katherine Soden,Knockanoark
1867 Prerogative Will of Thomas Soden
1876 Land Owners
1880 Clankee Tenants
1886 Maynooth Matriculation Lists
1893 Will of Bartholomew Soden,Enevarogue
Will of Edward Soden,Knocknanoark
1901 National Census
1911 National Census
Register of Cowkeepers
1915 Marriage Certificate of Peter/Christina Soden
Ancient Order of Hibernians
1918 Thom's Directory
1919 Thom's Directory
1928 Civil Bill
1930 Cavan Scouts Anniversary Photograph
1937 Thom's Directory for Cavan
1941 Cavan Urban District Council
1942 Cavan Electors' List
The De Valera Folklore Project
1948 Death Notice
1950 Marriage of James J. Soden/Rose Connolly
Religious Census of Ireland
NO: 913 BUNDLE 78
(This is the note for Lavey parish)
Protestant families in 1766 in Lavey parish,Kilmore diocese returned by
James Handcock,curate assistant to Rev.Joseph Moore -
Alexander Burrows,Thomas McDowd,James Maguire,James Usher,
Here follow names of 254 Papist families among them John Reilly,P.P.
Lurgan & Munterconnaught
Protestants:- Widow Kellet 3 protestants/ 3 papists
1768 Killinkere Parish Registers (see also Parish Registers)
Charles Soden,and Mary Kellett,both of Envigary,parish of
Killinkere,married 25th September,1768
1788 Birth of Terence Soden,soldier in 11th Foot from 1811-1831
(Chelsea Pensioners List of J.D.Beckett,Manchester)
1789 Thomas Soden of Envigaroge and Susanna Kellett,of Ardanagh,married 24th
Extracts from the Killinkere Registers II/1761-1845 by Swanzy RCBL,also
from the Breifne Historical Society 1923 Volume 2/Nr.1 page 95....
1792 Spinning Wheel List Recipient
Patrick Soden, Drung,Cavan
1793 Catholics allowed to the Bar
1793 Birth of Terence Soden,
born Drumcoon,Cavan, circa 1793
served from 1811 - 1831 in the 11th Foot
Source: Chelsea Pensioners List,J:Beckett,Manchester
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